Understanding of Sculptures through the Medium of Natyashastra
The workshop was based on the dance canons prescribed in Bharata’s Natyashastra and their depiction in sculptures. Select sculptural specimens were analysed from Chennakeshava temple at Belur and Hoysaleshwara temple at Halebid. The focus of the workshop was to understand the impact of Indian Classical dance on different art forms in general and sculptures in particular. In the workshop, not only the methodology to understand the iconography of the sculptures was explained in detail but also practical sessions were conducted which acquainted students with different poses from dance canons; these were used by master craftsmen to create sculptures. From the angas and bhavas to rasas, all the important elements of the sculptures were discussed and exercises were performed by the students which entailed selecting sculptures from the National Museum and describing their iconography using the methodology imparted during the workshop.
January - February 2016
Four Days Workshop ‘Short Course on Thai Art’ at Silpakorn University, Bangkok
The Department of History of Art, National Museum Institute and Department of Archaeology, Silpakorn University jointly organised a ‘Short Course on Thai Art’ from 29 January to 3 February 2016 at Bangkok, Thailand. The workshop was attended by two faculty members and MA students and PhD Scholar from NMI. These are: Prof. (Dr.) Anupa Pande, Dr. Savita Kumari, Siddhija Ramesh Kathe, Akanksha Jadon, Aeshna Bhatnagar, Laxmi Krishnakumar, Harpreet Kaur Nanda, Sama Haq and Abira Bhattacharya. The short course dealt with various aspects of Thai art and culture and its interaction with Indian art. The classes took place at the Sanskrit Study Centre, Bangkok. For field work, students and faculty visited various archaeological sites and museums in Nakhon Pathom and Bangkok, such as- Wat Phra Kieu, Wat Phra Si Rattanasasadaram, Wat Pho, Phra Ubosot (Phra Uposatha), Wat Sutthat, National Museum Bangkok and Phra Buddhasihing`, Phra Padhone Chedi and Chula Prathon Chedi, Phra Pathom Chedi, Phra Pathom Chedi National Museum, Wat Kongkaram, Ratchaburi, Wat Bang Kaphom and Samut Songkhram.
Workshop on ‘The Art of Print Making: Methods and Techniques’
The Department of History of Art, National Museum Institute of History of Art, Conservation and
Museology, in collaboration with the Graphics Department of Garhi Studio, Lalit Kala Akademi,
organized a five day workshop on ‘The Art of Print Making: Methods and Techniques’ on 11th, 12th,
14th, 15th and 16th January 2016 for IIIrd semester students of M.A. (History of Art). The students
were imparted training in printmaking techniques viz. woodcut,
lithography, etching, aquatint and
screen printing by Mr. Jayant Gajera, Senior Artist, Lalit Kala Akademi. Each technique involved a
variety of methods, mediums, tools and distinct chemical processes depending on the nature of
materials used. All the aforementioned techniques were taught to the students by Mr. Jayant Gajera
with great zeal.By making use of the studio facilities, the students were able to gain firsthand
knowledge about handling of the tools, application of pigments and inks, usage of chemicals,
functioning of different printing equipments and the safety issues involved in this process. The
students were also acquainted with the different styles and themes used by various graphic artists.The
workshop was engaging and interactive and proved to be a great learning experience for the students.
Workshop on Photographic Documentation and Digital Archiving
A workshop was organized on ‘Photographic Documentation and Digital Archiving’ for the M.A students and doctoral research scholars of the Department of History of Art from 17th - 24th March 2015 in collaboration with the Department of Painting, Archaeology, Decorative and Textile Arts and the Photography Section of the National Museum, New Delhi. The workshop was a combination of theoretical lectures and practical sessions, conducted by the curators and photographers of the National Museum. The curators introduced their respective collections to the students and explained the methods, techniques and practical solutions for handling different objects in the gallery. In addition, the role and significance of photography in view of restoration and conservation of artefacts was also discussed.
Workshop cum Study Tour on Sculpture and Architecture of Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry
A four day workshop cum study tour in collaboration with the ASI Chennai Circle on ‘the Sculpture and Architecture of Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry’ was organised from 17th - 20th November, 2014. The workshop and study tour was attended by faculty, research scholars and students of the first semester of M.A. History of Art. The aim of the study tour was to impart training on the art and architecture of South Indian temples of Pallava, Chola and Vijayanagara period for the ongoing semester course on Sculpture and Architecture in India (8th - 14th century CE). It also intended to acquaint the students with the colonial art and architectural tradition at Chennai and at Pondicherry.
At Chennai, a workshop was conducted on the colonial history, art and architectural glory of the Fort complex of St. George. The students also paid a visit to the Government Museum to study the style and iconographic art of sculptures, including Hindu, Buddhist and Jain, datable from the early Buddhist phase to the medieval period. At Mahabalipuram and Kanchipuram, the study focused on art and architecture of Dravida temples and its development, beginning from the early Rock-cut shrines to the grandiose style of structural temples in the mature period. Some of the prominent sites visited during the workshop were Pancha-ratha shrines, Varaha cave, Mahishasurmaridini Cave, Shore temple, Kailasantha temple, Vaigunda Perumal Temple, Ekambaranathar Temple, Kamakshi Amman Temple, etc. At Pondicherry, the students visited museums and colonial buildings both religious and secular.
Workshop cum Study Tour on Sculpture and Architecture of Bundelkhand Region: Orchha and Khajuraho
The Department of History of Art organized a three day workshop on the art and architecture of Orchha and Khajuraho group of temples, from 10th -12th September 2014. The workshop and study tour was attended by faculty and students of the third semester of M.A. History of Art. The aim of the study tour was to impart training on the Art and Architecture of Indian temples for the ongoing semester course on Sculpture and Architecture in India (8th – 14th century CE).
At Orchha, spatial organization, architectonics of the chattris and palace complex such as at Jahangir Mahal and Sundar Mahal, sculptural ornamentation and iconographic study of Lakshminarayana Temple etc. was studied. The students also studied the museum collection at Orchha. At Khajuraho, the workshop and study tour was conducted by Archaeologists from ASI-Bhopal Circle and Museum curators at Khajuraho. Art and iconography of sculptures, plan and elevation of Khajuraho temples with regard to Eastern and Western group of temples was studied. In addition, a study of the architectonics of the Chausatha Yogini temple and preventive conservation and management of world heritage sites at Khajuraho was also undertaken.
July – August 2014
Workshop on Art Historical Writing - Approach and Methodology
The Department of History of Art organized a workshop on Art Historical writing, from 31st July – 2nd August, 2014. The workshop was attended by MA students from the Department of History of Art and Research Scholars from all the three departments at NMI. The workshop was a combination of lectures and practical exercises, conducted by Dr. Nalini N. Rao, Associate Professor of World Art, SOKA University, California. The aim of this workshop was to train the students to understand, appreciate, to articulate and to be proficient while dealing with art historical subjects. The students were exposed to major works of art in painting, sculpture and architecture, in Indian, Southeast and Far-East Asian and Western Art style.
National Workshop on 'Indo-Portuguese Art & Architecture with special reference to Christian Art'.
The Department of History of Art organised a national workshop on Indo-Portuguese Art & Architecture with special reference to Christian Art, from 19th – 22nd November in Goa. The workshop was a combination of lecture session and site visits conducted by eminent art historians, conservation architects, ASI officers, museum professionals and theologians. The students were trained in understanding Goan architecture with reference to different aspects of Indo-Portuguese artistic heritage. After the lectures, the team visited more than seven UNESCO heritage sites of Old Goa where the participants had the opportunity to witness the conservation practices. Some of the heritage sites studied during the workshop are Convent of St Monica, Our Lady of Rosary, ruins of St. Augustine Church, Basilica of Bom Jesus, Church and Convent of St Francis of Assisi, Se Cathedral, Church of St. Cajestan etc. The students specially visited Pillar Seminary for a workshop to understand the role and importance of acoustics in a church. The students also got a chance to study the collection at ASI Museum and Museum of Christian Art. Besides these, the students also had an opportunity to explore heritage monuments and non- Christian architecture in other parts of Goa such as Fort Aguada and Reis Magos, Safa Masjid and Shri Mangeshi Temple.
Workshop on 'Indian Miniature Paintings'
The Department of History of Art organised a five-day workshop on ‘Indian Miniature Paintings’ from 2nd – 6th September 2013. The aim of the workshop was to provide an understanding into the dying art of miniature painting tradition to the young students of NMI, with a need to familiarize them about an important aspect of our cultural heritage. For the workshop, national award winning artist, Shri. V. N. Agarwal, assisted by Ms. Shweta Agarwal, was invited to demonstrate and train the students in the tradition of Indian miniature paintings. During the workshop, the students were instructed by the artist on the various methods, techniques, style and the process involved to recreate a miniature painting. The participants were provided necessary raw materials and tools to make a miniature painting
Workshop on 'Art and Cultural Heritage of Assam'
The Department of History of Art organized a Workshop on Art and Cultural Heritage of Assam, for its final year M.A. students from 26th February to 3th March 2013. During this workshop various lectures were organised to educate the students about the rich cultural heritage of Assam. Eminent scholars educated the students about the many aspects of Assamese art, literature, music, dance and culture. The workshop included a lecture by Shri. R.D.Chaudhary, Director-General, Assam State Museum (former Director-General, National Museum, New Delhi) and by Mr. Samiran Bharua on the artistic heritage and manuscript paintings of Assam. The students also visited Srimanta Sankaradeva Kalakshetra, Kamakhya temple, Namgarh at Bordua. The members of the Namgarh exhibited the local culture of music and dance followed by an interactive workshop on mask making. Students also visited various ancient Ahom monuments including the Vishnu Dol temple, Talatalgarh, Ranggarh, the Ganeshghat Mahavir temple to name a few.
Exhibition cum Workshop on the ‘Arts and Crafts of Iran-Calligraphy, Illumination, Meenakari and Wood carving’
The Department of History of Art in collaboration with the Iran Culture House, New Delhi held an Exhibition cum Workshop on the ‘Arts and Crafts of Iran: Calligraphy, Illumination, Meenakari and Woodcarving’. The Exhibition cum Workshop was coordinated by Prof. (Dr.) Anupa Pande, Head of the Department, Department of History of Art and Dean, National Museum Institute and co-coordinated by Dr. Savita Kumari, Assistant Professor, Department of History of Art.
The two day workshop from 15th -16th February engaged ustads from Iran on calligraphy, illumination, wood carving and Meenakari in an intensive interaction with the students of the Institute.
Calligraphy, like all forms of art that had come in contact with Iran, was enhanced and developed by the Persians. The students were introduced to Nastaʿlīq, Kufic and Nashq styles. This was followed by special lectures on the art of illumination which is an equally significant part of the art of calligraphy. Illuminations work as instruments for the beautification of the calligraphic styles.
The other art that was demonstrated was the art of Meenakari. The art of Meenakari or Enameling is called miniature of fire as well as the decoration of metal and tile with mina glaze. Meenakari or Enamelling is the art of painting, colouring and ornamenting the surface of metals by fusing over it brilliant colours that are decorated in an intricate design. Mina is the feminine form of Minoo in Persian, meaning heaven. Mina refers to the Azure colour of heaven. The artist who came from Iran demonstrated step by step the way a Meenakari item was prepared. Exquisite wood carvings were also on display and their technique was demonstrated.
An International Workshop on ‘Indigenous Art Forms’
The two day International Workshop held at the National Museum Institute on September 27th -28th , 2010 was geared towards students of universities, teachers and artists who were interested in learning and safeguarding indigenous art traditions. It was coordinated by Prof. (Dr.) Anupa Pande, Head of Department, Department of History of Art and Dean, National Museum Institute and Dr. Savita Kumari, Assistant Professor, Department of History of Art. The focus of the Workshop was the indigenous art of India (Madhubani, Gond and Patachitra), Canada, Australia and Peru.
Mantu Chitrakar and Joba Chitrakar from West Bengal were invited to teach the art of scroll painting (patachitra). For centuries, their caste has been making scrolls depicting and reciting legends from Hindu mythology around the region. While deeply rooted in tradition, Mantu and Joba have started to incorporate contemporary themes in their work. They address issues like communal tension and terrorism in their work and appeal for peace. Through scrolls depicting the Asian tsunami, they have tried to comment on environmental issues. The lucidity with which they compose folklores about ancient legends does not surpass the fluidity with which they create lyrics on contemporary themes. A Harmonious amalgam of the past and present, expressed through a simple vocabulary of folk art, leaves a lasting impression on the mind of the viewers.
The works of Durga Bai, a Gond artist of Pradhan clan are rooted in the folktales of her birth place Burbaspur, a village in the Mandla district of Madhya Pradesh. Her husband, Subhas Vyam’s favorite themes are of aquatic life. The couple together in the Workshop taught participants the integral elements of Gond painting while pointing out the changes brought by modernization in their medium of painting. Poonam Devi, imparted training in the Madhubani painting technique of Bihar. While her subject matter is still rooted in tradition, the artist pointed out the widespread use of readymade colours instead of indigenous natural colours.
The Australian artists, Maree Clarke and Vickie Couzen delivered lectures on aboriginal art and encouraged the students to paint from their own tradition. Christian Lalonde, Associate curator, National Gallery of Canada, conducted a lecture tour of the exhibition on Inuit art. Mr. Carlos A. Irigoyen Forno, Deputy Chief of Mission, Embassy of Peru and Visiting Faculty at Delhi University delivered a lecture on the Art of the Shipibos people from the Peruvian Amazonas.
Workshop on ‘Conservation and Care of Painting’
A week long training program on Preventive Conservation of Cultural Property was organized by the National Museum Institute in collaboration with the National Research Laboratory for the Conservation of Cultural Property (NRLC), Lucknow, for the students of the Department of History of Art in July 2010. Prof. (Dr.) Anupa Pande, Head of Department, Department of History of Art and Dean, National Museum Institute, coordinated the workshop. Dr. Savita Kumari, Assistant Professor, Department of History of Art and Mr. Rawat from National Museum Institute accompanied the students to Lucknow. The training program encompassed theory and practical sessions at the NRLC and field work at the State Archives, State Museum and monuments of Lucknow. The training was conducted by senior conservators, artists and faculty members of the NRLC. The students participated in the ongoing projects of NRLC on conservation of oil paintings, manuscripts, map restoration, miniature painting, care of stone, bone, ivory and wooden objects. The students were made to do each practical in person in order to understand the various stages of conservation. Lessons were delivered on the treatment records and documentation of various kinds of artefacts. Demonstrations were also given on the removal of salt from stone objects, preparation of vasali, measurement of climate using various instruments, treatment for chipping and flaking of wooden artefacts, map pasting and removal of wall painting from a monastery in Ladakh, which was the ongoing project of NRLCC. At the State Archives, Lucknow students learnt about binding and maintenance of old records.
Workshop on ‘Buddhist Art of Sikkim’
The National Museum Institute in collaboration with the Namgyal Institute of Tibetology, Sikkim, organized a workshop titled, ‘Buddhist Art of Sikkim’ at Gangtok in April 2010. Prof. (Dr.) Anupa Pande, Head of Department, Department of History of Art and Dean, National Museum Institute, coordinated the workshop. The students of the Department of History of Art travelled to Sikkim where they were imparted training by a master artist and two of his students, on the material and technique of Thangka painting at the Namgyal Institute. Lectures were also given by the Director of the Namgyal Institute of Tibetology, Dr. Tashi Densapa and a Karmapa on iconography of the Tibetan Thangka painting as well as the sources of influences and inspirations from other regions that determined the style of Tibetan Thangka paintings. The students also visited Rumtek Gompa and Enchey Gompa. At these Gompas (monasteries) students studied mural paintings. In the lecture tour at the Namgyal Museum, students had the opportunity to see and learn about the ancient Tibetan manuscripts, rare silk and brocade Thangkas as well as various cult objects of silver and gold.